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Table 6 Results of simple mediation model for social loafing

From: Impact of transformational leadership on work performance, burnout and social loafing: a mediation model

Direct effect model
Predictor Outcome = M (intrinsic motivation)
β SE t p
X (transformational leadership) a 0.31 0.06 5.20 0.00
Constant i1 1.57 0.28 5.67 0.00
Direct effect model
Predictor Outcome = Y (social loafing)
β SE t p
X (transformational leadership) c − 0.32 0.03 − 9.07 0.00
M (intrinsic motivation) b − 0.01 0.03 − 0.31 0.75
Constant i2 3.34 0.16 20.28 0.00
Total effect model
Predictor Outcome = Y (social loafing)
β SE t p
X (transformational leadership) c − 0.32 0.03 − 9.57 0.00
Constant i3 3.33 0.15 21.25 0.00
  1. N = 308; SE = standard error; bootstrap sample size = 5000